RESIDENT: The SIBAT (Suicide Ideation and Behavior Assessment Tool) – A Novel Instrument for the Detection and Monitoring of Suicidality

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Presenting Author(s): Dr. Eric Chan, BSc (Hons), MD

Co-Author(s): Dr. Katherine J. Aitchison, Garima Aryal, Dr. Andrius Baskys, Dr. Bradley Green, Dr. Rohit J. Lodhi, Leslie Roper, Keanna Wallace, Esther Yang

Date and time: 23 Mar 2019 from 13:30 to 13:50

Location: Bluebell  Floor Map

Co-Authors

Dr. Katherine J. Aitchison, Garima Aryal, Dr. Andrius Baskys, Dr. Bradley Green, Dr. Rohit J. Lodhi, Leslie Roper, Keanna Wallace, Esther Yang

Objectives

  1. To review the literature on suicide and rating scales for suicide assessment;
  2. To describe a new rating scale for suicide assessment, the Suicide Ideation and Behavior Assessment Tool (SIBAT);
  3. To present data on the validity of the SIBAT and discuss its potential applications in research and clinical settings.

Literature References

  1. Statistics Canada. (2018) Table 13-10-0392-01 Deaths and age-specific mortality rates, by selected grouped causes. Retrieved from
    https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/t1/tbl1/en/tv.action?pid=1310039201.
  2. World Health Organization. (2018) Suicide rates (per 100 000 population). Retrieved from
    http://www.who.int/gho/mental_health/suicide_rates/en.
  3. Boudreaux, E. D., & Horowitz, L. M. (2014). Suicide Risk Screening and Assessment: Designing Instruments with Dissemination in
    Mind. Am J Prev Med, 47(3, Supplement 2), S163-S169.
  4. Carter, G., Milner, A., McGill, K., Pirkis, J., Kapur, N., & Spittal, M. J. (2017). Predicting suicidal behaviours using clinical instruments:
    systematic review and meta-analysis of positive predictive values for risk scales. Br J Psychiatry, 210(6), 387-395.
  5. Williamson, D., Canuso, C., Fu, D.-J., Lane, R., May, R., Bossaller, N., . . . Alphs, L. (2017). 862. Patient Report with the Suicide
    Ideation and Behavior Assessment Tool (SIBAT): Acceptability and Sensitivity to Rapid Change. Biol Psychiatry, 81(10), S349.

Abstract

Introduction: Suicide is an ongoing issue both in Canada and worldwide. In 2016, the suicide rate was 11.0 per 100,000 people in
Canada (1) and 10.5 per 100,000 people globally (2). Detection and assessment of suicide risk remains an ongoing challenge in suicide
prevention. The development of validated procedures for suicide risk assessment has been identified as a priority in suicide research
(3). Many scales have been developed for suicide risk assessment; however, a recent meta-analysis found the pooled positive
predictive value (PPV) of psychological scales for self-harm plus suicide was only 38.9% (4).

Methods: The SIBAT (Suicide Ideation and Behavior Assessment Tool) is a newly developed instrument that has been shown to show
sensitivity to change (5). In order to examine the validity of the SIBAT, we administered the scale to over 400 participants in the
AddGenes study at the University of Alberta. Participants also completed the MINI as a part of the AddGenes study protocol. Data
obtained using the SIBAT was compared to the suicidality component of the MINI in order to validate the results against an established
measure.

Results: We are currently in the process of analyzing data obtained using the SIBAT and the MINI and will present our findings at the
conference.

Acknowledgements: This project was funded in part by a fellowship granted by Janssen Canada



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